報告發現瞭76種解決方案,可減緩氣候變化

#大學英語聽力#

報告發現瞭76種解決方案,可減緩氣候變化

We have all the solutions we need to avoid catastrophic warming, right now, claims a new report by Project Drawdown.

我們已經有瞭避免災難性變暖所需的所有解決方案,現在,一份由Project Dumdown發佈的新報告聲稱。

And, not only are they easy to implement, they’re far cheaper than doing nothing.

而且,它們不僅易於實現,而且比什麼都不做要便宜得多。

The Drawdown Review is a comprehensive analysis of the currently available solutions to the climate crisis, based on the work of scientists and researchers around the world, across many sectors, from finance to climate science.

縮編審查是基於世界各地從金融到氣候科學等多個部門的科學傢和研究人員的工作,對目前可用的氣候危機解決方案進行的全面分析。

The aim of the nonprofit Project Drawdown is to guide us all towards a future where the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere stop climbing and start to decline – the moment they refer to as ‘drawdown’.

非營利項目縮水的目的是引導我們所有人走向一個未來,在那裡大氣中的溫室氣體停止攀升並開始下降-從他們稱之為“縮水”的那一刻開始。

That means we must start extracting fossil fuel emissions, such as CO2 and methane, from the atmosphere as well as stop spewing them into it.

這意味著我們必須開始從大氣中提取化石燃料排放,如二氧化碳和甲烷,並停止將它們排放到大氣中。

“Drawdown is a critical turning point for life on Earth, and we must strive to reach it quickly, safely, and equitably,” says the report.

“減少是地球上生命的一個關鍵轉折點,我們必須努力快速、安全和公平地達到它,”報告說。

Having already lost an entire decade to inaction, and recently receiving a glimpse of some very frightening consequences – the devastating loss of wildlife from Australia’s unprecedented summer of fires – the urgency of such solutions are surely clear.

由於無所作為已經失去瞭整整十年,最近又瞥見瞭一些非常可怕的後果-澳大利亞史無前例的夏季火災導致野生動物的毀滅性損失-這些解決方案的緊迫性無疑是顯而易見的。

“The current path we are on is beyond dangerous,” the report warns, “and it’s easy to be paralyzed by that perilousness. Yet possibility remains to change it.”

“我們目前所處的道路已經超越瞭危險,”報告警告稱,“這種危險很容易讓人癱瘓。然而,改變它的可能性仍然存在。”

Project Drawdown estimates that by implementing the 76 solutions they’ve outlined, it would result in savings of up to around US$144 trillion of avoided climate damage and pollution-related healthcare costs.

項目縮減估計,通過實施他們概述的76個解決方案,將節省高達144萬億美元的避免氣候損害和與污染相關的醫療費用。

While the upfront cost could be up to US$26.2 trillion, this plan would allow us to achieve peak carbon dioxide by as early as the mid-2040s.

雖然前期成本可能高達26.2萬億美元,但這項計劃將使我們最早在20世紀40年代中期達到二氧化碳峰值。

When they scientists grouped their solutions by sector, they were ranked like this:

當他們的科學傢將他們的解決方案按部門分組時,他們的排名是這樣的:

“We found that when we add together the 80-plus solutions to climate change, and these already exist, we have enough to get drawdown by between the 2040s and the 2060s depending on how decisively we act,” co-author and climate scientist Jonathan Foley told the ABC.

“我們發現,當我們將80多個氣候變化解決方案加在一起,而且這些方案已經存在,我們就有足夠的資金在20世紀40年代到20世紀60年代之間進行縮減,這取決於我們的行動有多果斷,”合著者兼氣候科學傢喬納森·福利(Jonathan Foley)告訴美國廣播公司(ABC)。

發佈留言

發佈留言必須填寫的電子郵件地址不會公開。 必填欄位標示為 *